Managing Social Media in a Franchise System
By Marian Ngo, Lawyer, MST Lawyers
Social media, when managed effectively, can be a powerful vehicle for increasing customer engagement, increasing brand recognition and communicating promotions. A franchise brand which commands a social media following will also be appealing to prospective franchisees seeking a strong, growing brand with engaged customers. The key consideration for franchisors is no longer whether social media presence for a franchise brand is necessary, but rather, how social media should be managed and by whom?
Many franchisors choose to centrally manage their various social media platforms rather than having individual accounts for each franchised site. The benefits of this approach include having control and consistency over the franchise brand’s social media ‘voice’ and saving franchisees time otherwise spent managing individual pages. A drawback of this approach is that it does not allow for a franchised business to interact with the local community, a benefit from having locally targeted social media platforms. Franchisors may also consider a hybrid model, where the franchisor manages the corporate social media platforms and franchisees manage local social media platforms.
Whatever approach franchisors choose to take, it is important to reflect the arrangements in the franchise documentation. For example, if a franchisor intends to manage all online marketing and communications, there should be a provision in the Franchise Agreement to this effect in order to avoid disputes about whether franchisees can establish their own social media accounts in connection with the franchise. Further, it should be clear to franchisees and employees what can and cannot be posted on their private social media accounts. For example, a franchisee or employee may inadvertently publish a post revealing confidential information about the franchise system.
Where franchisors intend for franchisees to manage social media at a local level, it is important to give attention to the following considerations and ensure that arrangements are appropriately documented in the franchise agreement or a social media policy to form part of the operations manual.
Ownership and access
- Will the franchisee or the franchisor establish the social media account?
- Will social media accounts be jointly owned or owned by one party?
- Will both parties have access to the accounts at all times?
- Upon termination or expiration of the Franchise Agreement, which party is entitled to ownership of the social media account?
- Does the particular social media platform allow transfers or assignments of social media accounts?
- Are there provisions for the transfer of ownership of the social media accounts?
Standards and consistency
- Will the franchisor review and approve all content before it is published?
- Is there a style guide or a policy to ensure consistency of social media handles and content? For example, the tone and length of posts, the types of images to be used, whether publishers should re-post content, etc.
- Have all users been trained on how to respond to customers via social media?
Responsibilities and liability
- Which party is responsible for responding to customer complaints and queries?
- Will the franchisor intervene if a negative post goes viral?
- Is the franchisee required to post periodic franchisor content, or will the franchisor be responsible for this?
- Are franchisees required to display the franchisor’s social media handles on physical marketing materials?
- Which party is liable in the event that a post causes damages, loss or provokes legal action?
- Will the costs of administering the social media accounts be paid from the marketing fund?
Franchisors should also regularly check social media platforms and search hashtags commonly associated with the franchise brand in order to ensure that there are no unauthorised accounts representing themselves as the franchisor or otherwise infringing the franchisor’s intellectual property.